Your Cooperative Blog
Wheat Growers Insights for Field and Farm

Posted By Brad Ruden

Early-Planted Corn & Cold Weather Risks

The forecast for the week beginning April 24, 2017 certainly looks to a continuation of the below normal temperatures. One question is whether corn planting should continue or whether we are better off holding off now for a few days. Chilling injury to corn should be considered and corn monitored.
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A Little Bit of Chemistry - Starter Fertilizers and Chelated Micronutrients

I have had a few discussions recently about starter fertilizers and micronutrients in starter fertilizer blends. Starter fertilizers are a key aspect in getting crops off to a rapid, uniform, aggressive start to the season. I hope that on-farm deliveries of solid starter fertilizer programs-
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Liquid Starter Fertilizers- A Key To Get Corn (and Soy) Off And Running!

For corn and soybean growers, one key decision each season is about the use of a starter fertilizer. Why Starters? It’s simple, just like the name: Get your plants off to a good start by providing an immediate source of fertilizer. The goal is straight forward - providing immediate
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Weeds And The Lessons Learned In 2016

Here we are in later January 2017 and realizing that with good conditions, planting could be something like a little over three months away potentially! I look out at the snow-covered fields around eastern South Dakota, and I can't help but notice that there are a few things still poking
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Jumper Starter Fertilizer- A Unique, Newer Starter Fertilizer

As we enter into 2017, the first few weeks of the year continue to be busy ones for growers. After seed selection largely wraps up, often one of the next decisions is looking at finalizing a fertility program for the upcoming crop. For corn and soybean growers, one decision to consider is
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Is your crop's plate full? And maybe even a data card?

As we approach the upcoming holiday weekend, I'm reminded that we do have a lot to be thankful for in our industry. The opportunity to daily work towards producing tremendous crops and high-quality produce to feed the hungry world is an awe-inspiring thing.

As we approach and
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Keep An Eye On Winter Wheat

With the absolutely stunning warm temperatures here in November come some interesting issues from the agronomy side. One of these was just relayed to me by an agronomist at our Chamberlain location. Winter wheat, but also winter wheat pests are still actively growing out in the fields and may
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Corn Harvest & Stalk Rots- Is There a Hidden Loss Looming In Your Fields?

I have been driving all across the Wheat Growers territory in the recent weeks, and as corn is drying down toward harvest, many fields look, well, a little UGLY to me. The corn in some areas looks good, but in others, it is simply not drying with the nice, light tan, almost bleached
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Variety Selection and Early Seed Planning for 2017

Fairly soon, we will be entering the time of the year to look ahead to 2017 and begin making variety selections for the upcoming growing season. As I have mention in previous blogs, take some time late in the is growing season to critically review your current variety selections for both corn
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A Late Season Crop Tour and Variety Selection- Right Around the Corner

As we approach the last 60 or so days of the growing season here in the Dakotas, the time comes around to be thinking about 2017 and the crop varieties planned for the upcoming growing season. Now is a great time to be taking one more thorough pre-harvest evaluation of your current crops.
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We Are In The Last 60 Days… For Soybeans, That Is...

Hard to believe, but we are in the last 60 days of the growing season for soybeans across most of the Wheat Growers territory. There are some absolutely terrific looking soybeans out there, but there are also a lot of soybeans that had their struggles this year- from wet fields early and
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Is Your Crop’s “Fuel Tank” Full?

Our crops are in the ground and up in most of the Wheat Growers area, and let me say that the corn that is up and growing in the central and northern areas of the territory look absolutely fantastic! Soybeans are just up and looking great as well. Wheat continues to look excellent. WE HAVE A
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Stripe Rust Still Active in Winter Wheat

Stripe rust is still present and very active in winter wheat, even what was treated a month ago.

I heard from Bayer CropScience of multiple reports of stripe rust in winter wheat in South Dakota. Unfortunately this rust was on on wheat that had been previously treated with a
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Keep An Eye On Winter Wheat - Aphids and Rust

Our Wheat Growers agronomists in the Wolsey and Huron areas have been reporting aphid populations in winter wheat this spring. Aphids can be damaging in wheat from direct feeding, but certain aphids can also vector the Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus (BYDV). BYDV and aphids are often
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White Mold Management- Heads Up Seed Treatment

As we approach the main seed treatment time of the year, I wanted to send a reminder about a product that we looked at last year, with some success.  Heads Up seed treatment is a seed-applied plant protectant that causes a Systemic acquired Resistance (SAR) reaction in soybeans, with
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Early Season Diseases

Spring has certainly looked like it has sprung! As we continue to warm up, new growth on winter wheat and spring wheat planting are not far away! I have been reading the cereal rust reports published by USDA, and it really sounds like there is a high potential for rust infections this
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Liberty Done Right - Making The System WORK

I have seen around the company, especially in the northern areas, that there is some growing interest in Liberty Link soybeans. Liberty Link soybeans, with tolerance to glufosinate (Liberty Herbicide from Bayer), can be a solid program and a good alternative to Roundup Ready soybeans. Current
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What’s The Deal with Glyphosate? Being Sure To Look At “Apples to Apples”

I have heard some of our agronomists and staff talking a lot about different glyphosate offerings for 2016. It seems that every generic supplier out there has their version of glyphosate to sell. There are different “types” of glyphosate on the market- different salts of the
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Fall Residuals - Too Late?

As we wrap up harvest and continue to apply fertilizer, a few questions have been received about whether we are entirely too late in the season to apply fall pre-emergence herbicides for the upcoming soybean season. The short answer is that agronomically- NO, we still have time. The issue may
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Soybean Aphids at the 250 Aphid Threshold

I have received several calls recently about whether soybean aphids should be treated or not. The question often revolves around whether we will still see an economic benefit to treatment after soybeans are in something like the R3 growth stage. The short answer is yes there is value in
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Northern Corn Leaf Blight

Below is a link to an excellent article on Northern Corn Leaf Blight. This disease, along with Gray Leaf Spot, is a disease of concern in Iowa. It has been a resurging disease in recent years, and is a disease to keep an eye out for. I am not aware of issues in our northern area corn, but it
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Yellow Corn - Rapid Growth Syndrome

I have received several calls on this in the past couple days. We are seeing a lot of fields around the country with random pale green to yellow plants scattered across the field. Of course we could think of micronutrients, but those generally show a show as striped corn leaves or portions of
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OATS - Does it Need a Fungicide as Well?

OATS - Does it Need a Fungicide as Well?
Yes, it can. Oats gets a “leaf” rust, called crown rust. Crown rust runs its life cycle between oats and the buckthorn shrub. Buckthorn in the area is absolutely yellow/orange right now with pustules of crown rust.
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Wheat Scab Fungicides

To Spray or Not:
This is a no-brainer- ABSUOLUTELY SPRAY! We are relatively wet and humid, and with the warm weather upcoming, a scab fungicide is absolutely needed and will ACROSS THE BOARD pay for itself- both in yield, Fusarium damaged kernels and in vomitoxin
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Snow and Emerging Crops

Wow! What a crazy weekend of weather- great rainfall, but did it really have to snow? And also do keep the folks in the Delmont area in our thoughts.

To the business for the day, I have had several calls and notes today concerned with the effects of snow on emerged wheat and other
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Keep An Eye On Winter Wheat For Stripe Rust

I have seen some reports that stripe rust is showing up on unsprayed winter wheat along the Nebraska-Kansas border. Still a long ways south and in a wetter area than us, but take note. Southerly winds can bring rust spores from Nebraska & Kansas north to us. Stripe rust likes the cool
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Emerging Wheat and Frost Damage

I have gotten a couple calls this morning on evaluating wheat and maybe other small grains that were emerging with the frost damage last night. Although we were very cold last night, I want everyone to use caution in making quick assessments as to how damaged small grains were. Here are some
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Crystallization of liquid fertilizers

Just a quick reminder about liquid fertilizers sitting out in planters or tenders. With the cold temperatures, we could see some crystallization of some of the liquid fertilizer products. Nucleus O-Phos, the 100% orthophosphate fertilizer from Helena, for example, will start to form crystals
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Fall Residuals - Not Too Late!

Now is not too late for growers to apply herbicide treatments to your fields to control weeds and help ensure a good start for spring planting! Fall residuals target early weeds next spring and can help speed warmup at planting. In addition, burndown targeting perennials, like thistles and
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Check Your Winter Wheat Fields - Aphids Are Lurking

I received a note yesterday about aphids appearing in winter wheat fields in the southern Wheat Growers territory. I also saw a report from SDSU about the subject. With the warm fall conditions creating fairly lush top growth on winter wheat stands, it is imperative that you go take a good
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White Mold in Soybeans

We have heard about a lot of white mold in the soybean crop this year. The cool, wet, long dew period weather we have seen recently really favors the development of this disease. There is really nothing we can do about it right now, but please keep record of where the disease occurred, for
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Frost Damage to Soybeans

The cold snap over late last week and the weekend has raised questions on damage to soybean crops across the region. The effect of frost on the soybean crop depends upon the growth stage of the soybean plants. Frost-damaged soybeans are generally considered salvageable as long as the plants
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White Mold

Looking ahead a little, R1 soybeans are not that far away in some of the area. I know that additional inputs on soybean are hard to think about right now, given the already increased cost of herbicide programs for the year. However, the continued wet weather and the cooler temps we are seeing,
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Enhanze Starter Fertilizer - Field Results

To say the results are striking is maybe an understatement! The results are consistent and positive. To date, the product flat out performs at or above what we had hoped it would. We are seeing large, well-developed root systems and sturdy, healthy plants.
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Early Season Fungicides and Micronutrients

Do you have good corn out there? Or even stressed corn? Now is the time to be thinking about protecting that crop and making sure that it is setting maximum ear size. Early season fungicides and micronutrients are excellent choices to be thinking about right now.
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Frost Effects on Alfalfa

Frost damage should not be lethal to alfalfa.  Alfalfa, if established at all, has a lot of growing points, and even if the primary bud is damaged, the secondary buds will take over and resume growth. There is some delay in growth expected as the plants recover and first cutting yield may
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Pre-Emergence Herbicides

Ready… Set… GO!! The planting season is upon us! I know that we are all getting very busy with fertilizer and herbicide applications. I can't emphasize enough the need for early season weed control- pre-plant, pre-emergence or early post-emergence.
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Fall Residual Herbicides - Not too late, actually just right!

Lately, a common question has been raised - Is it too late to spray a fall-applied residual herbicide ahead of soybeans (or corn for that matter)? The answer is that now is still a PERFECT TIME to spray, if you can. The ideal soil temperatures to spray fall residuals are below 50 F and
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Late Season Phytophthora in Soybeans

I have looked at several fields recently that have started to show late season symptoms of Phytophthora root rot. Early Phytophthora causes a seed decay before emergence or a damping off symptom at emergence or slightly after. However late season Phytophthora root rot often shows up at early
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Corn Diseases and Control

I have recently looked at many corn fields and in general, they look really good! I have started to see a little common corn rust across the region. Although I have not found other foliar fungal diseases, like Eyespot, Gray Leaf Spot, Northern Corn Leaf Blight or Northern Corn Leaf Spot, these
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Corn Fungicides - Protecting the great crop out there!

The 2013 crop production season seems to have been a whirlwind of activity- from late and compressed planting to the various weather events we have experienced. In spite of uneven crop growth, driving around the regions recently, there are a lot of REALLY GOOD fields out there! There is
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Harvest Aid Herbicide Applications In Wheat

I have received several questions recently about pre harvest burn down in wheat. I hear kochia is the main weed issue, but others are scattered throughout. There are a few herbicides registered for burn down in wheat, namely Aim, Ally, various glyphosate herbicides, various 2,4-D amine and
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Stripe Rust on Wheat

Although there have not been widespread reports of stripe rust on wheat immediately to our south, the weather pattern last week raised my level of suspicion a little.  The low pressure system sitting still and churning southerly winds all the way from Texas and Oklahoma up to us, then
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Corn Herbicides and Growth Staging

Lately I have had several conversations on corn and soybean herbicides focusing on the “pre rapidly changing to post emergence” world of fields that were planted prior to the recent weather. A few quick review points on corn herbicides:

  • Remember that most corn
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Soybean Pre Herbicides and Rain Delays

The following table is a quick reference for most of the soybean pre-emergence herbicides listing the latest allowable application window.  A good “rule of thumb” I heard from an industry rep is that if we have an inch of soil between the emerging crook of the soybean and the
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Mother Nature is Messin' with Corn Pre Herbicide Applications

You know the Jack Links beef jerky add campaign “Messin’ with Sasquatch”? Well, Mother Nature is messin’ with corn pre herbicide applications. Upper twenties for temps yesterday morning were one thing, but around 20 this morning is another. Nearly all of the weeds that
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Corn Planting 2013: Preemergence Herbicides and COLD Weather

Even though field conditions may be suitable to begin field work, temperatures may not be ideal for effective weed control. The best advice is to delay burndown until warm temperatures occur and remain warm.
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Winter Wheat Planting - Is it too late?

Rains for the past couple of dates have raised questions of whether it is still OK to plant winter wheat. The answer is this: Agronomically speaking, we are still OK, so it depends on the risk you are willing to absorb.  Optimal planting dates for winter wheat in South Dakota are
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Residual Soil Nutrients - A Golden Opportunity

Some fall soil tests are coming back showing significant levels of residual nitrogen and possibly other crop nutrients due to drought conditions and lower than expected crop growth across much of the Wheat Growers service territory.  While residual nutrients can be looked at as a bonus,
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Tech Tips: Cereal Aphid Issues and Wheat Disease Control

We are receiving reports of aphids and potential issues of Barley Yellow Dwarf (BYD) showing up in wheat in SD. There are several aphid species that can be present across the Wheat Growers service area in wheat fields, but the target species right now for Barley Yellow Dwarf virus (BYDV)
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